Zolpidem is used for short-term treatment of insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, or early awakening). A relatively new drug, it is chemically different from other common sleep medications such as Halcion and Dalmane.
Generic Name: Zolpidem Tartrate
Brand Name: Ambien
Zolpidem sleeping pills
Sleep problems are usually temporary and require medication for a week or two at most. Insomnia that lasts longer could be a sign of another medical problem. If you find that you need Zolpidem for more than 7 to 10 days, be sure to check with your doctor.
How should you take Zolpidem?
Zolpidem works very quickly. Take it just before going to bed. Take only the prescribed dose, exactly as instructed by your doctor.
If you miss a dose of Zolpidem
Take Zolpidem only as needed. Never double the dose.
Storage instructions for Zolpidem
Store at room temperature. Protect from extreme heat.
What side effects may occur when taking Zolpidem?
Side effects with Zolpidem cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your doctor immediately. Only your doctor can determine whether it is safe to continue taking Zolpidem.
More common side effects when taking Zolpidem may include:
Allergy, daytime drowsiness, dizziness, drugged feeling, headache, indigestion, nausea
Why should Zolpidem not be prescribed?
There are no known situations in which Zolpidem cannot be used.
Special warnings about Zolpidem
When sleep medications are used every night for more than a few weeks, some may lose their effectiveness. Remember, too, that you can become dependent on some sleep medications if you use them for a long time or at high doses.
Some people using Zolpidem especially those taking serotonin-boosting antidepressants have experienced unusual changes in their thinking and/or behavior. Alert your doctor if you notice a change.
Zolpidem and other sleep medicines can cause a special type of memory loss. It should not be taken on an overnight airplane flight of less than 7 to 8 hours, since “traveller’s amnesia” may occur.
When you first start taking Zolpidem , until you know whether Zolpidem will have any “carry over” effect the next day, use extreme care while doing anything that requires complete alertness, such as driving a car or operating machinery. Older adults, in particular, should be aware that they may be more apt to fall.
Use Zolpidem cautiously if you have liver problems. It will take longer for its effects to wear off.
If you take Zolpidem for more than 1 or 2 weeks, consult your doctor before stopping. Sudden discontinuation of Zolpidem can bring on withdrawal symptoms ranging from unpleasant feelings to vomiting and cramps.
When taking Zolpidem Tartrate, do not drink alcohol. It can increase the Zolpidem side effects.
If you have breathing problems, they may become worse when you use Zolpidem.
Possible food and drug interactions when taking Zolpidem
If Zolpidem is used with certain other drugs, the effects of either drug could be increased, decreased, or altered.
It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Zolpidem with the following:
The antidepressant drug imipramine (Tofranil)
The antipsychotic drug chlorpromazine
Serotonin-boosting antidepressants such as Paxil, Prozac, and Zoloft
Drugs that depress the central nervous system, including Valium, Percocet, and Benadryl
Special information on Zolpidem if you are pregnant or breastfeeding
If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, inform your doctor immediately. Babies whose mothers take some sedative/hypnotic drugs may have withdrawal symptoms after birth and may seem limp and flaccid. Zolpidem is not recommended for use by nursing mothers.
Recommended dosages for Zolpidem
The recommended dosage of Zolpidem for adults is 10 milligrams right before bedtime. Your doctor will prescribe a smaller dose if you are likely to be sensitive to Zolpidem or have a liver problem. Never take more than 10 milligrams of Zolpidem per day.
Safety and effectiveness of Zolpidem has not been established in children below the age of 18.
Because older people and those in a weakened condition may be more sensitive to Zolpidem’s effects, the recommended starting dosage is 5 milligrams just before bedtime.
Overdosage with Zolpidem
People who take too much Zolpidem may become excessively sleepy or even go into a light coma. The symptoms of overdose with Zolpidem are more severe if the person is also taking other drugs that depress the central nervous system. Some cases of multiple overdose have been fatal.
If you suspect an overdose of Zolpidem, seek medical attention immediately.